October of last year, Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, was attacked by air strikes. By the way, the weapons used by Russia were unusual. It was estimated that it was not a missile, but a self-destruct drone, an Iranian Shahhead -136 . Self-destruct drone attacks continued.
There was another peculiarity. The Russian military has used anti-aircraft missiles to shoot down air targets on several occasions against Ukrainian ground forces. It was used by changing the purpose of the missile. It was an older missile called the S-300 .
“We’re using drones and outdated missiles because we’re running out of precision missiles.” This analysis came out. At the time, the BBC
internet version of the British broadcaster cited experts and diagnosed that the change in the attack pattern was due to the lack of missiles. “Stocks of cruise missiles are running out or appear to be running out,” said an expert from the Institute for Strategic and International Studies ( IISS ) in the UK. Ukrainian President Zelensky said in October last year, “Russia has fired 4,500 missiles at us in eight months, and now missile stocks are running low.”
However, Russia’s anti-missile strikes continued unabated.
In early March, it fired 81 missiles at several cities, including Kieu. Of these, 47 were hit.
Russia fired 18 missiles at Kiiu early in the morning on the 16th of last month. There were 6 hypersonic missiles ‘Kinjal’, 9 cruise missiles ‘Kalibur’, and 3 ballistic missiles ‘Iskander’. Ukraine said it had “successfully shot down all missiles”.
Then why did the analysis that Russia’s precision missiles are running out? US Semiconductor has the answer.
Advanced weapons, including Russian cruise missiles, contain high-performance semiconductor chips from the United States. This semiconductor chip serves as an electronic brain that guides the missile accurately to the target.
After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February last year, the West메이저사이트, including the United States, banned the export of parts that could be used for military purposes to Russia. Of course, semiconductor chips were also included. This is the highest level of export control that has been implemented since Russia’s forcible annexation of Crimea in 2014.
The US Department of Commerce and the FBI have conducted a large-scale joint investigation into smuggling of contraband items since June of last year. In fact, they even arrested a Russian undercover operator. It was a measure to close the gap.
However, loopholes in export controls in the US and Europe have been revealed.
Institute at the Kiiu University of Economics in Ukraine analyzed the following two data. ●Materials related to Russian weapons obtained by Ukrainian military authorities ●Russian trade statistics The conclusion is that Russia still imports foreign military parts worth tens of trillions of won a year. Russia imported 20.3 billion dollars (about 26 trillion won) of parts for military equipment from March to December last year. This is only a 15% decrease compared to 2021, before the invasion of Ukraine. Half of the components Russia imported were semiconductors such as microchips and processors, and were used in cruise missiles Kh-59 , Kh-101 , Kalibr and Iskander -K . Imported parts were also found in short-range air defense missiles, tanks, armored vehicles and drones. Ukrainian authorities identified 1,057 foreign parts in Russia’s major military equipment, and by country, 705 from the United States (66%), 75 from Japan (7%), and 72 from Germany (6.8%). . Newsweek, an American current affairs weekly, reported this in detail on the 21st. <The embargo, but what loopholes?> US companies have stopped selling directly to Russia since last year in accordance with export controls.
However, after sales and resale through many companies in many countries, eventually a Russian front company imports the parts.
China is at the center of this multinational distribution channel. From March to December last year, Russia imported 72% of its major components through China.
Despite Western sanctions, ‘component laundering’, which evades export controls, has not been eradicated due to fake trade and lax enforcement.